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The main players in 3D modeling

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The main players in 3D modeling

3D modeling brings together a wide range of skills. While it's possible to call on a multi-skilled 3D generalist, many industries recruit several specialists for a given project. These 3D modeling professionals, like 3D modelers, have all followed specific training or study courses. Focus on these computer graphics professionals.

Key professions in 3D modeling

Mastery of digital tools opens the door to a wide range of business sectors. For example, 3-D computer technicians can find employment in the video game, media and audiovisual industries, design agencies and new technology companies... There are many players working in this field.

3D graphic designer

The 3D computer graphics designer is a creative specialist in the production of 3D visuals. They are involved in the design phase to model and create objects, characters and virtual environments. To do this, they need to master specialized software such as Maya or 3ds max. Thanks to their knowledge of graphic design and DTP (Desktop Publishing), they are also responsible for representing 3D images on promotional media (advertising brochures, 3D videos, etc.).

His or her role is to produce preparatory sketches and models, and to model them in volume for a realistic rendering. This work includes texturing or adding materials and textures to the modeled object, as well as managing lighting and final rendering.

This 3D modeling specialist can create object models for the film, media and advertising industries. In the real estate sector, they model architectural projects in 3D: houses, buildings, parks, etc.

To become a 3D computer graphics designer, it's common to study digital arts, computer science or design. After the bac (ideally the bac STD2A), many higher education establishments offer specialized diploma courses up to master's level. In general, a bac + 3 in graphic design and a BTS in audiovisual, with an option in the image professions, are required to enter this profession.

3D modeler

The 3D modeler is also involved in modeling. Indeed, modeling is a specific component of the modeling process, which focuses primarily on the creation of volume forms. The 3D modeler must be able to understand and transform concepts and ideas into 3D models.

Based on the 2D concepts and references he is given, his task is to sculpt and model shapes using software such as Blender, Maya and, above all, Zbrush. As a key player in 3D modeling, he adapts to different artistic styles, paying particular attention to detail and proportion to deliver realistic 3D images. Once the object has been modeled, he handles the texturing stage to add relief and texture to the surface of the object created.

The expertise of a 3D modeler is much in demand in the video game and film industries. In the real estate context, the 3D modeler is responsible for producing photorealistic renderings of properties for sale or rent, enabling customers to visualize spaces even before they are built or renovated.

To become a 3D modeler, high school graduates can opt for a BTS in graphic design, with a digital media option. A number of schools offer courses dedicated to 3D modeling, including the renowned Gobelins Paris.

3D Animator

From the 3D modeler's files, the 3D animator sets the various elements in motion to create a 3D animation.

In the video game and film industries, they bring characters, objects and sets to life. They can also work on VFX (Visual Effects) projects, simulating physical phenomena such as rain, fluids and collisions. Depending on his or her specialization, this 3D modeling specialist masters various software packages. Houdini is a cutting-edge special effects software. In addition to Blender and 3DsMax, 3D animators can also use Maya for animation.

Once the animation is complete, it can be exported as a video file for use in the final project. The 3D animation can be used in a film, commercial or video game. In the real estate sector, 3D animators produce videos for virtual guided tours.

To become a 3D animator, a minimum of 3 years of higher education is recommended. Specialized schools specializing in 3D animation and digital arts have become benchmarks. Among these schools, the diplomas awarded by Georges Méliès and Gobelins are additional assets for their job search.

Compositing artist or specialist

The compositing artist is the person who will harmoniously integrate all the visual elements from the other modeling departments. He or she is responsible for combining or assembling all theelements to create the final sequence or product.

In his digital compositing software, such as Adobe After Effects or Nuke, he imports visual elements such as 3D objects, 3D animation sequences, special effects, photos or live-action video. It then goes through blending, superimposing and masking operations to achieve a uniform composition. Additional visual effects, color, lighting and depth-of-field corrections are added at this stage.

Every 3D modeling project needs this key player. He's at the very end of the workflow, i.e. in post-production, to finalize the aesthetic aspect of the 3D product. In the real estate sector, he plays a crucial role in integrating 3D models into real environments, adjusting lighting, shadows and reflections to achieve a natural, attractive look. His expertise ensures that the visuals of real estate properties are aesthetically pleasing and believable.

To become a compositing artist, studies are highly specialized, ideally leading to a bac+5 level. With a baccalaureate in computer science or a BTS in design, several paths are possible:

  • Licence pro diploma
  • Master VFX
  • MBA game artist...

3D modeling players at the service of the real estate sector

In the sale and promotion of real estate projects, the work of 3D modeling specialists brings real added value. In addition to their technical skills, these actors' artistic flair and ability to evolve in their profession are qualities to look for in order to produce 3D visuals that meet your needs. Here are 3 points on the criteria shared by 3D modelers and others to create impactful customer experiences.

Good graphic and architectural culture

By specializing in real estate, those involved in 3D modeling choose to deepen their knowledge of architecture and interior design. A good graphic culture facilitates communication with customers and all stakeholders involved in a real estate project. Those involved in 3D modeling will be better able to understand the vision of developers, architects or urban planners, while also being able to interpret the needs of future buyers. The creation of spatial volumes and appealing 3D plans and perspectives also depends on this quality.

Curiosity and technology watch

3D modeling is a fast-moving industry. To improve efficiency and productivity, passionate 3D professionals keep abreast of the latest technological advances and software updates. Technological advances enable the creation of increasingly realistic and immersive real estate visualizations. To explore further the key professions involved in 3D modeling, consider recruiting a Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) Designer. Interactive solutions enable users to explore properties through VR headsets or AR-enabled mobile devices.

Ability to listen and make proposals

Working in the real estate sector means working with several stakeholders. It is therefore essential for those involved in 3D modeling to know how to work as a team. The aim is to achieve a final product that is faithful to the original design. Creative project management, such as the modeling of living and working spaces, requires cohesion and ongoing understanding between the various players. When it comes to 3D modeling, the different skills involved must establish a standardized process for the distribution of tasks. This fluid exchange of ideas leads to improved project management.

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